Waste paper as a new fuel source

With the increasing amount of waste paper accumulation, conversion of this waste into a useful, clean fuel is a high priority.

Production of most biomass fuels require the addition of a binding agent in order to form high quality briquettes (a compressed block of biomass material). However it was determined that production of paper briquettes does not require the use of high temperature compression nor the addition of a binding agent.

This project aims to produce high quality waste paper briquettes to supply clean energy for domestic heating, and to investigate the bonding mechanism of the paper particles. Binderless waste paper briquettes are made by first pulverizing the waste paper, followed by applying high pressure compression. The particle arrangement of the cross-sections of the paper briquettes produced with different particle sizes were examined using a scanning electron microscope.

It was found that small particle size and low pressure can produce a high-strength paper briquette without adding any heat or binding agent. 

Future energy and resources


Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials

Liang Wei Chen
Karen Shiang Jun Wong


Vote for this project: FE81

back to project list